Selected publications


Gediminas Varvuolis, Gediminas Vitkus (2022), „Lithuania: The search for synergies“ in Andris Sprūds, Mārtiņš Vargulis, eds. (2022),  The Three Seas Initiative: Mapping National Perspectives, Riga: The Latvian Institute of International Affairs, p. 113-124.

Gediminas Vitkus (2020), „Talking “With” or “About”? Thick Recognition in Lithuanian-Russian Relations“ in Giedrius Česnakas, Nortautas Statkus, eds., Lithuania in the Global Context: National Security and Defence Policy Dilemmas, The General Jonas Žemaitis Military Academy of Lithuania, p. 217-234.

Gediminas Vitkus (2019), „Trilemmas of recognition in the Baltic states’ foreign policies„, Journal of Baltic Studies, Volume 50, Issue 3, p. 307-326.

Gediminas Vitkus (2018), „Societal security in Lithuania: What’s so different about it?“ in Mika Aaltola, Boris Kuznetsov, Andris Sprūds, Elizabete Vizgunova, eds. (2018), Societal Security in the Baltic Sea Region: Expertise Mapping and Raising Policy Relevance, Rīga: Latvian Institute of International Affairs, p. 143-161.

Gediminas Vitkus (2018), „Euroscepticism in the Baltic States: Manifested and Latent“ in Saulius Šiliauskas, Kestutis Šerpetis, eds. (2018), Welfare and Security in the 21st century: the Contexts of Post-democracy. Collection of Scientific Works, Klaipėda: Klaipėdos universiteto leidykla, p. 171-178.

Gediminas Vitkus (2018), „Die Auswirkungen der hybriden Kriegführung Russlands auf die Sicherheit der baltischen Staaten“ in Bernd Lemke, herausg. (2018), Wegweiser zur Geschichte Baltikum, Verlag Ferdinand Schöningh, S. 217-225.

Gediminas Vitkus (2017), „Small Is Small: Euroscepticism in Lithuanian Politics“ in Karlis Bukovskis, Aldis Austers, eds. (2017), Euroscepticism in the Baltic States: Uncovering Issues, People and Stereotypes, Riga: Latvian Institute of International Affairs / Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, p. 38-50.

Gediminas Vitkus (2016), „Lithuania: A Case of Confidence in the European Project“ in Vivien Pertusot, ed., The European Union in the Fog: Building Bridges between National Perspectives on the European Union, p. 135-142 (IFRI – Institut français des relations internationales).

Gediminas Vitkus (2015), „Baltic States’ Foreign Policies vis-a-vis Russia, in Light of the Ukraine Crisis“, Russian Analytical Digest No 176: Russia and the Baltics/Poland, 4 December 2015, p. 2-6 (Center for Security Studies (CSS), Zurich, Switzerland).

Gediminas Vitkus (2015), „Towards Stronger Normative Power: the Nature of Shift in EU Foreign Policy in the Context of the Crisis in Ukraine„, European Integration Studies, no. 9, p. 8-19.

Gediminas Vitkus, ed. (2014), Wars of Lithuania: A Systemic Quantitative Analysis of Lithuania’s National Wars in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, translated from Lithuanian by UAB „Metropolio vertimai“, Vilnius: Eugrimas, 320 p.


  • A Review by Jussi Jalonen (2014) in Lithuanian Historical Studies, 19, p. 189–191.
  • A Review by Lina Kasparaitė-Balaišė (2016) in Acta Historica Universitatis Klaipedensis,  XXXII,  p. 194–197. 

Gediminas Vitkus (2013), „Lithuania in the U.S. Foreign and Security Policy: A Version of the WikiLeaks “CableGate” Archive“ in András Rácz, ed., The WikiLeaks Cables and Their Impact on the Visegrad Countries and the Baltic States, Budapest: Hungarian Institute of International Affairs, p. 37-53.

Gediminas Vitkus (2012), ‘Forest Brothers’ And The Consequences Of Metropole-Periphery Distinction Elimination In The ‘Correlates Of War’ Typology, Journal of Baltic Studies, vol. 43, no 4, p.  515-527.


Gediminas Vitkus (2009), „Russian Pipeline Diplomacy: A Lithuanian Response„, Acta Slavica Iaponica,  vol. 26, p. 25-46.

Gediminas Vitkus, Jūratė Novagrockienė (2008), „The Impact of Lithuania on EU Council Decision-Making„, Lithuanian Annual Strategic Review, 2007, vol. 6, p. 91-124.

Gediminas Vitkus (2006), „Three Western Myths about Security and Defence Policy of the EU New Member States: Lithuania’s Case“ in Gisela Müller-Brandeck-Bocquet, ed., The Future of the European Foreign, Security and Defence Policy after Enlargement, Baden-Baden: Nomos, 2006, p. 111-131 (Würzburger Universitätsschriften zu Geschichte und Politik. Band 9)

Gediminas Vitkus (2006), „High Time for Reflection: 15 years of Lithuanian-Russian Relations„, Lithuanian Foreign Policy Review, 2006, no 2(18), p. 140-150.

Gediminas Vitkus (2005), „Triangle“ of Russia – USA – EU and Smaller States in 2003-2004„, Lithuanian Annual Strategic Review, 2004, vol. 3, p. 115-140.

Gediminas Vitkus (2005), „From Iraq to Ukraine: EU Foreign Policy and Ambitions of the Small(er) States„, Lithuanian Political Science Yearbook 2004, p. 147-160.

Gediminas Vitkus, Virgilijus Pugačiauskas (2004), „Lithuanian Politics and the Russian Factor“ in Leonid A. Karabeshkin ed., The Regional Dimension of the Russian Baltic Relations, Sankt Petersburg, p. 171-183 = Гедиминас Виткус, Виргилиюс Пугачяускас (2004), „Российский фактор литовской политики“ in Леонид А. Карабешкин ред., Региональное измерние российско-балтийских отношений, Санкт-Петербург, с. 73-86.

Gediminas Vitkus, Virgilijus Pugačiauskas, eds. (2004), „Paradoxes of Belarus: Regional Security with a Transformation in Limbo„, Lithuanian Annual Strategic Review, 2003, vol. 2, p. 173-202.

Gediminas Vitkus (2003), „Changing Security Regime of the Baltic Sea Region„, Lithuanian Annual Strategic Review, 2002, vol. 1, p. 109-132.

Gediminas Vitkus (2002), „Lithuania“ in Antonio Missiroli, ed., Bigger EU, wider CFSP, stronger ESDP? The view from Central Europe, Paris: The European Union Institute for Security Studies,  p. 14-18. (Occasional Paper n. 34)

Gediminas Vitkus (2002), „Die litauische Ostpolitik – Grundsätze und Probleme“, Osteuropa, 2002, September/Oktober, Heft 9/10, S. 1259-1272.

Gediminas Vitkus (2001), „Long Way to Normalization of Lithuanian-Russian Relations“ in Klaus Zimer, hrsg., Schwierige Nachbarschaften. Die Ostpolitik des Staates Ostmitteleuropas seit 1989 , Marburg: Verlag Herder-Institut, 2001, S.13-38 (Tagungen zur Ostmitteleuropa-Forschung 14).

Gediminas Vitkus (2000), „La place de l’Europe Centrale dans L’Union Européenne en voie de élargissement: le point de vue lituanien“ in Le processus d’élargissement de l’Union européenne et ses défis civiques et economiques: regards croises: France et Lithuanie, Coloque international, Vilnius, le 21 Novembre, 2000, Vilnius: Eugrimas, p. 96-107.

Gediminas Vitkus (2000), „Institutional Reform of the European Union“, Lithuanian Foreign Policy Review, 2000, No. 1 (5), p. 61-90.

Gediminas Vitkus (2000), „Neoliberal Institutionalism“, in Segbers K., Imbusch K., eds., The Globalization of Eastern Europe: Teaching International Relations Without Borders, Hamburg: Lit Verlag, p. 97-115.

Gediminas Vitkus (2000), „Integration“ in Segbers K., Imbusch K., eds., The Globalization of Eastern Europe: Teaching International Relations Without Borders, Hamburg: Lit Verlag, 2000, p. 425-444.

Gediminas Vitkus (1999), „The Role of EU Accession on National and Supranational Decision-Making“ in Lithuania: from Transition to Convergence, papers presented at a Conference in Vilnius, Lithuania, September 23-24, 1999, Vilnius: Eugrimas, p. 501-526.

Gediminas Vitkus (1998), „National Parliamentary Control of the EU Policy in Lithuania“, Lithuanian Foreign Policy Review, 1998, no. 2, p. 65-76.

Gediminas Vitkus (1997), „Lithuania’s Readiness for the EU Membership: the Security Dimension“ in Maniokas K., Vitkus G., eds., Lithuania’s Integration into the European Union.  Summary of the Study on the Status, Perspectives and Impact, Kaunas: Naujasis lankas, p. 25-32.

Gediminas Vitkus (1997), „At the Cross-Road of Alternatives: Lithuanian Security Policies in 1995-1997“ in Arteus G., Lejiņš A., eds., Baltic Security: Looking Towards the 21st Century, Riga-Stockholm: Latvian Institute of International Affairs & Försvarshögskolan, p. 53-78. (Försvarshögskolan Acta B7).

Gediminas Vitkus(1996), Lithuanian-Russian Relations in 1990-1995. A Study of Lithuanian Foreign Policy, Mannheim: Untersuchungen des FKKS an der Universität Mannheim, 12/1996, 46 p.

Gediminas Vitkus (1995), „Lithuanian Patterns of Thinking on Political Regionalism“ in Kukliński A., ed., Baltic Europe in the Perspective of Global Change, Warszawa: Oficina naukowa, p.116 – 120.